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Geophysical Sciences @ TCC

Oceanography II Geology 112

Geology 112 is the second course in a two part General Oceanography sequence (Geology 111 being the first). The course continues the study of oceans and ocean basins, covering such topics as water chemistry, climates, currents, waves, tides, coastlines, marine biology and ecology, and ocean resources.

Course Goals

Geology 111 and 112 are college-level, introductory courses designed to give you a broad survey of the physical, chemical, geological, and biological processes of the oceans.

Lectures and laboratories are set up to compliment each other. The lectures provide opportunity for presentation of theory, while the labs give them some "hands on" experience with the concepts they learn in lecture.

If you would like to know more about Oceanography II, keep reading. Otherwise, you can return to Geophysical Science's Homepage.


Geology 110 (Earth Science) or Geology 111 (1st semester)

Instructional Material
  • Textbook : Introductory Oceanography, by Harold V. Thurman, 8th edition, Macmillan Publishing Co.
  • Oceanography Lab Manual, Departmental

Basic Concepts

    • Waves and wave groups
    • Tides
    • Currents
    • Beaches and shorelines
    • Beaches and coasts; sediment; landforms; coastal dunes transport mechanisms
    • Biology of the oceans; cells; structure of living things;
    • DNA; natural selection
    • Marine organisms and environments
    • Classification of marine organisms
    • Distribution of marine organisms; habitats/ecosystems
    • Ocean resources, mineral and energy, pollution

 Course Matrix










Currents and water masses



Coastal regions

Preparation for Field Study; Field and sampling methods


The marine environment;

Field Study Sandbridge


Biology of Marine Organisms

Lab Quiz #1


Biological productivity

Beach projects due; Introduction to Research Project; Selecting research Objectives; Selecting Sampling Sites


Biological productivity

Marine Monerans and Protistans


Biological productivity

Research cruise


The pelagic realm;

Principles of Scientific Writing; Lab Work on Projects


The pelagic realm;

Principles of Scientific Talks; Lab Work on Projects


The benthic realm

Marine Invertebrates


The benthic realm

Marine Vertebrates


Environmental Oceanography;

Lab Test #2


Resources from the Ocean

Presentations; Turn in papers


Exam (during exam week)




The laboratory periods emphasize empirical methods in oceanography. Numerous experiments and field trips will be conducted to you an idea on practical application of principles learned in the lecture.

Field Trips

The beach field trip is conducted to give the introductory oceanography student, better insight as to how physical, chemical, geological, and biological factors operate in a transitional environment. The field trip is normally scheduled during the lab period for labs held during the day. Night labs will be scheduled for a weekend field trip. Attendance is required by all students. If night students are unable to make the scheduled weekend trip, they should make arrangements to attend during the day period during the week. The students will submit a typed report concerning their findings in the study area;

The research cruise is conducted aboard TCC’s ship, the R/V Matthew F. Maury, to give you better insight as to how oceanographers conduct research in a study area. Where the first semester cruise was orientation and familiarization, the second semester cruise places you in a group oriented research scenario where you will:

  • Design a research project in one of four areas
  • Submit research proposal outlining objectives, methods, schedule
  • Conduct research in a ocean environment
  • Utilize oceanographic shipboard sampling techniques
  • Write field descriptions
  • Analyze samples in the lab as required for objectives
  • Submit a typed report concerning your findings in the study area
  • Present findings in a professional group seminar

The cruise is required and will be held on a weekend. It will take the place of the regularly scheduled laboratory period. Students should make arrangements to be available. If the student absolutely cannot attend the cruise, an alternate project will be selected.   

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